PERCUSSIONDhol: A double-sided barrel drum, with one skin tuned high and the other low. The drum is often worn by the player and played with two sticks, one in each hand.
Dholak: A double-sided barrel drum, similar to the Dhol, but smaller in size and played with hands.
Ghatam: A clay pot, played with the fingers, thumbs, and palms to produce a variety of sounds.
Kanjira: A frame drum with metal 'jingles', similar to the western tambourine.
Khol: A double-sided drum, played with the hands, with one side much smaller than the other.
Mridangam: A double-sided drum, similar to the Dholak. Traditionally it is played while sitting on the floor, with the drum partially resting on the player's leg.
Pakhawaj: A close relative to the Mridangam, with a lower, more resonant tone.
Tabla: A pair of hand drums, one small and one large. The larger drum has a distinctive tonal sound, the pitch of which can be manipulated by the player.
MELODICBansuri: A transverse flute, traditionally made from bamboo.
Harmonium: A portable reed organ, powered by hand-pumped bellows.
Santur: A metal-stringed hammered dulcimer.
Sitar: A plucked stringed instrument, with a distinctive tone produced by its sympathetic strings and resonant, gourd-shaped body.
Tanpura: A large plucked string instrument. The purpose of the Tanpura is to produce a constant, non-rhythmic drone.
Tumbi: A small, high-pitched, plucked string instrument, with only a single string.